When chlorophyll is normally released from its proteins complexes in the decomposition process, it includes a phototoxic effect: When irradiated with light, it absorbs energy and can transfer it to various other substances. For example, it can transform oxygen right into a reactive highly, destructive form. As the researchers were able to demonstrate, the NCCs possess an opposite effect: They are effective antioxidants and may thus play an important physiological part for the plant. It then became obvious that NCCs are the different parts of the diets of humans and other higher animals, and they could also play a role within their systems thus.The awards, totaling $100,000 for fellows and $150,000 for junior faculty over a two – to three-12 months period, are made feasible through grants from the corporate community, individual donors, foundations, and funds committed by the Culture. The Culture is proud to recognize this year’s corporate supporters, which include Amgen, Celgene Corporation, Grifols USA, Novartis Oncology, Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Pfizer, and Seattle Genetics. The Society is especially grateful to Millennium: The Takeda Oncology Company for its lead support this year in the amount of $600,000.